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Dr.Capeの特A級-011-台湾

国連英検特A級対策エッセイ

[A]. How did Beijing replace Taipei to represent China at the UN?

1. アルバニア決議で台湾追放

2-1. 台湾の中国国民党は合法政府かどうか

2-2. 国連憲章23条では台湾が初期加盟国

3. どちらも譲らない

4-1. 1971年、中国・ソビエト・米国

4-2. dual representation をいやがる中国

5. 国際外交はデリケート

[B]. Explain the Trump Administration’s foreign policy stance toward the Taiwan issue?

1. 名目上の北京・非公式関係の台湾

2. アメリカの巧みな二元的抑止力外交

3. 矛盾に満ちたトランプ政権

4. 選挙間近。台湾の件はスタッフよろしく

Dr. Capeの追加コメント: Let me explain the state of China-Soviet relations around the early 1970s, which was much more critical than you explain. This is related to the timing of 1971 in the previous (most recent video). “One critical background issue of the 1971 drama (i.e., Beijing’s replacement of Taipei at the UN) was the border conflict (2 March -11 September 1969) between China and Soviet Union (USSR), which nearly boiled over into a nuclear exchange between the two Eastern-bloc powers. Purportedly, the USSR planned a preemptive nuclear-bomb attack on China, and asked the US to stay neutral. The Nixon Administration warned that such an attack would provoke a World War III. Yes, the geostrategic situation in the Asian continent reached an extremely risky state in the end-1960s and the early 1970s.”

台湾と香港の比較、台湾の外交の歴史

Dr. Cape書き下ろし!台湾の全てがスッキリわかる2本のエッセイ

A: Is Taiwan the next Hong Kong? (Is Taiwan likely to face China’s aggressive integration attempt as seen in Hong Kong?)

台湾と香港は似ているようで、違う。その相違点のおかげで、おそらく香港のような眼には合わないだろう、というのがDr. Capeの見解です。

B: History of Taiwan’s politics: A background note on its external relations

  1. Japan’s Colonial Control (1895-1945)
  2. Civil War period (1945-1947)
  3. Mutual Hostility (Taipei vs Beijing) (the 1950s & 1960s)
  4. UN recognizes Beijing (1971)
  5. US recognizes Beijing (1979)
  6. US: Taiwan Relations Acts (1979)
  7. Taiwan: Silence towards the Tiananmen incident (1989)
  8. “One-China Principle” (1992)
  9. Third Taiwan Strait Crisis (1995-1996)
  10. Rise of DPP as Taiwan President (2000, 2004)
  11. Détente between the Nationalist and Communists (2008, 2012)
  12. End of détente (2016)

Dr.Capeの歴史背景動画を見れば、「絶対に押さえたいポイント」をすっきりと頭の中で整理できますね。香港と同じように「民主化運動」を抑圧されてしまうのか。。。ニュースから目が離せませんね。

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